IMPORTANT WAYS TO REDUCE CONSTRUCTION RISKS

According to occupational safety and health Administration (OSHA), Construction sites have the highest rate of fatal injury than other industries in national category.

It is also commonly said that construction company workers face the highest level of risk because of environment they work in. So, before we see ways to reduce risks at construction sites, we must identify these risks. They include:

  • Electrocutions
  • Falling objects and debris
  • Trips and falls
  • Falls from scaffolding
  • Caught in between hazards
  1. Electrocutions

Electrocutions or shocks can occur on construction sites in areas with exposed wiring, power lines and incomplete electrical systems. Workers can get electrocuted through direct contact with live wires or objects that conduct electricity. To reduce the risk of electrocution, the management must ensure that proper signs or alerts are placed in areas with unfinished electrical connections; power line exposed wiring so that workers can be well informed and take caution. Management must also provide hard hats that meet industrial standards to workers as well as safety boots or shoes, so that in case of any such occurrence there will be little or no effect on workers.

  • Falling objects and debris

It is also common for workers to be injured by falling building materials, beams or tool especially in construction sites that deal with high buildings. To reduce this risk, Employers must be able to provide safety net systems, guard-rail system or personal fall arrest system for their employees. The use of safety monitoring system is also good but the management must ensure that the safety monitor is competent enough to be able to identify fall hazards and alerts workers who may be unaware at the time. It is necessary as well to restrict movements around such areas to only selected workers or employees.

  • Trips and falls

Due to the nature of their work most construction sites have hazards that could lead to serious injuries on workers. They include uneven terrain; unused materials on site laying around and building that are yet to be completed. Workers might be distracted at some point which is why they trip over tools or fall off from buildings with unprotected edges.

To reduce this risk on sites, employers or managers must make provision for fall protection systems for their employees. These falls arrest system include guardrails which prevents falls and personal fall arrest system which on the other hand prevents workers from falling a great distance.

  • Falls from scaffolding

This kind of fall is peculiar to construction workers who work at high elevations. There is every tendency that people who work on scaffolds might fall from elevators, get electrocuted or be injured by falling objects. In order to prevent, manage or reduce such occurrences, scaffolds should be designed, built and disassembled by a competent person. Also, proper inspections should be carried out daily on the scaffolding to guaranty its safety for use. Scaffolding should as well be protected with guardrails, toe boards and mid rails. It should be well erected on a level and fully checked at least 10 feet away from power lines.

  • Caught in-between hazards

This kind of accidents take place when a part of the body of a worker gets trapped, squeezed, crushed or compressed between two or more objects. Examples include cave-ins or collapsing materials, body parts pulled into unguarded machinery and equipment roll-over.

Management of construction sites should ensure that guards are placed in their proper position and secured after they must have serviced all equipment.

They are also responsible for familiarizing all workers with the location of the various parts of all machineries.

Workers must as well be trained to always keep their focus on work and the activities of people around them.

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